Data Sharing Policy
The Common Data Repository for Nursing Science, or cdRNS, is a comprehensive but customizable data science platform designed for every stage of your research. A modular, web-based system, cdRNS makes the performance of research studies and clinical trials faster, simpler, and more collaborative. It was developed to promote collaboration, accelerate research, and advance knowledge on the characterization, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various diseases. cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform provides a common platform and standardized format for data collection, retrieval and archiving, while allowing for flexibility in data entry and analysis. Additional information and detailed implementation guidance related to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform can be found at http://BRICS/NINR.nih.gov.
Expectations Defined in the Data Sharing Policy for Investigators
The detailed expectations are enumerated in the individual sections of this data sharing policy, and summarized as follows:
Investigators submitting cdRNS/NINR data are expected to:
- Submit a Data Submission Form, providing assurance that all data are submitted in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and that the identities of research participants will not be disclosed to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform;
- Upload approved data to cdRNS/NINR on a regular basis.
Investigators requesting and receiving cdRNS/NINR data are expected to:
- Submit a Data Access Request;
- Protect data confidentiality;
- Ensure that institution based standard data security measures are in place; Data security measures must also conform to the NINR Data and Safety Monitoring Policy.
- Notify the cdRNS NINR Operations team and NINR program staff of policy violations;
- Include acknowledgements of the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform in all publications and presentations.
This Data Sharing Policy applies to approved NINR and NIH P20 and P30 extramural research pilot projects.
Oversight and Governance of cdRNS/NINR
cdRNS/NINR Data Sharing Policy addresses (1) data sharing procedures, (2) data access principles, and (3) issues regarding the protection of research participants during the submission of, storage of, and access to data within the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform. The goal of the policy is to advance science for the benefit of the public through the creation of a centralized Federal data repository for NINR research information. The principles contained in this policy were developed by the cdRNS Operations and NINR program staff and are consistent with existing NIH and NINR polices on data sharing. The NINR and the NIH recognize that scientific, ethical, and societal issues relevant to this policy are evolving, and have established a Policy Committee to oversee implementation and data use practices. The agencies will revisit and revise the policy and related practices as appropriate.
Protecting Research Participants
Consent of the research participants should be done in accordance to the Institutional Review Boards. To ensure the security of the data held in the Data Science Platform, the cdRNS/NINR platform will employ multiple tiers of data security based on the content and level of risk associated with the data. cdRNS/NINR has operating policies and procedures to address issues including, but not limited to, the privacy and confidentiality of research participants, the interests of individuals and groups, data access procedures, and data security mechanisms. These will be reviewed periodically by the cdRNS/NINR/NIH oversight bodies as appropriate.
Non-Research Use of Data
As agencies of the Federal Government, the NINR and the NIH are required to release Government records in response to a request under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), unless they are exempt from release under one of the FOIA exemptions. Although the cdRNS/NINR-held data will be coded, and neither the NINR nor the NIH will hold direct identifiers to individuals within the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform, the agencies recognize the personal and potentially sensitive nature of the genotype-phenotype data. The NINR and the NIH believe that release of un-redacted cdRNS/NINR datasets in response to a FOIA request would constitute an unreasonable invasion of personal privacy under FOIA Exemption 6, 5 U.S.C.§ 552 (b)(6). Therefore, among the safeguards that the agencies foresee using to preserve the privacy of research participants and confidentiality of genetic data are the redaction of individual-level genotype, phenotype, and other clinical data from disclosures made in response to FOIA requests and the denial of requests for un-redacted datasets.
In addition, the NINR and the NIH acknowledge that legitimate requests for access to data made by law enforcement offices to cdRNS/NINR may be fulfilled. Neither the NINR nor the NIH will possess direct identifiers within the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform, nor will the agencies have access to the link between the data code and the identifiable information that may reside with the primary investigators and institutions for particular studies. The release of identifiable information may be protected from compelled disclosure by the primary investigator’s institution if a Certificate of Confidentiality is or was obtained for the original study.
Approved NINR P20/P30 Centers pilot projects will be required to deposit data into the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform.
NINR program staff will work with researchers to map their study variables to specific CDEs. cdRNS/NINR will consult with researchers to ensure the formats of the CDEs collected are compatible with the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform. In addition, cdRNS/NINR will accept raw data for Biomarker CDEs approved by NINR program staff.
Additional supporting documentation to provide details on the data will be accepted, but not required, as follows:
- the study protocols;
- manual of operations;
- variables measured;
- case report forms; and
- other relevant documents.
All data and information will be submitted to a high security network within the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform through a secure transmission process, including the supporting documentation:
Data submitted to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform will be de-identified such that the identities of data subjects cannot be readily ascertained or otherwise associated with the data by the cdRNS/NINR staff or secondary data users. In addition, de-identified data will be coded using a unique code known as a Global Unique Identifier (GUID). Use of the GUID minimizes risks to study participants because it keeps one individual’s information separate from that of another person without using names, addresses, or other identifying information. The unique code also allows cdRNS/NINR to link together all submitted information on a single participant, giving researchers access to information that may have been collected elsewhere. The GUID is a computer-generated alphanumeric code [example: 1A462BS] that is unique to each research participant (i.e., each person’s information in cdRNS/NINR—or each subject’s record—has a different GUID). cdRNS/NINR will assist investigators in how to create the GUID, which is an essential requirement for uploading data to cdRNS/NINR.
Investigators submitting datasets to cdRNS/NINR are expected to certify that an appropriate IRB has considered such risks and that the data have been de-identified in accordance with NINR and NIH regulations before the data are submitted. In addition, in the event that requests raise questions or concerns related to privacy and confidentiality, risks to populations or groups, or other relevant topics, the NINR program staff and cdRNS operations will consult with other experts as appropriate.
Submissions of data to cdRNS/NINR shall be accompanied by a certification signed by the Principal Investigator to assure that:
- The data submission is consistent with all applicable laws and regulations, as well as institutional policies;
- The appropriate research uses of the data and the uses that are explicitly excluded by the informed consent documents are delineated;
- The identities of research participants will not be disclosed to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform; and
- An IRB of the submitting institution and/or Privacy Board, as applicable, reviewed and verified that:
- The submission of data to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform and subsequent sharing for research purposes are consistent with the informed consent of study participants from whom the data were obtained;
- The investigator’s plan for de-identifying datasets is consistent with the standards outlined above;
- The risks to individuals, their families, and groups or populations associated with data submitted to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform have been considered; and
- The biomarker and clinical data to be submitted were collected in a manner consistent with NINR and NIH regulations and policies.
While the agencies expect data sharing through this policy, circumstances beyond the control of investigators may preclude submission of NINR research data to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform.
Submitting investigators and their institutions may use the GUID as a means to request removal of data on individual participants from the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform in the event that a research participant withdraws his/her consent. Users that have accessed data for withdrawn GUIDs will be notified that all data use should cease and if the data has been further distributed, the recipient should be notified not to use the data. Investigators will be notified to destroy all data for withdrawn GUIDs. However, data that have been distributed for approved research use will not be retrieved.
Data Submission Schedule
Data include all research and clinical assessments and information as approved by the NINR program.
See the list of additional documents under the “Data Submission” section above. All data from pilot projects must be submitted during the grant award period. If any error in data is found during the data submission period of the project, the project lead will contact the cdRNS Operations team to assist in correcting the data submission
cdRNS/NINR Data Sharing Schedule
One (1) year after the end of the pilot study, the data submitted to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform that are used in the study will be made available to all qualified and approved researchers (Recipients).
Investigators are also strongly encouraged to collaborate and share data throughout the study to accelerate research and advance knowledge. To facilitate collaboration, data access request forms that are submitted before the end of the pilot study to cdRNS operations for initial review are then forwarded on to the relevant Submitters. The Submitters may choose to collaborate and/or to provide access to all or some of their Experimental Data, in which case the data will be made available to the data Recipients.
cdRNS/NINR Data Access
cdRNS/NINR will provide descriptive summary information of submitted data for general public use. Access to data for research purposes will be provided by the cdRNS NINR Operations team. The cdRNS operations will operate according to common principles and follow similar procedures to ensure the consistency and transparency of the cdRNS/NINR data access process. The cdRNS NINR Operations team will review the applications of investigators requesting data and make a determination based on their affiliation with a research institution, and on the basis of the reason for the request. It is anticipated that most requests will be appropriate and can be approved rapidly, and that only a few will require clarification. In the event that requests raise concerns related to privacy and confidentiality, risks to populations or groups, or other concerns, the NINR program staff and cdRNS operations will consult with other experts as appropriate. A request to appeal the decision is allowed and will be reviewed by the cdRNS/NINR Policy Committee.
Investigators and institutions seeking data from the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform will be expected to meet data security measures (such as physical security, information technology security, and user training) and will be asked to submit a Data Access Request that is signed by the investigator. Data Access Requests should include a brief description of the proposed research use of the requested cdRNS/NINR data. Investigators will agree, among other things, to:
- Use the data only for the approved research; if the Recipient wants to use the data to investigate additional research questions, a second data access request form must be submitted.
- Protect data confidentiality;
- Follow appropriate data security protections;
- Follow all applicable laws, regulations and local institutional policies and procedures for handling cdRNS/NINR data;
- Not attempt to identify individual participants from whom data within a dataset were obtained;
- Not sell any of the data elements from datasets obtained from the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform;
- Not share with individuals other than those listed in the request any of the data elements from datasets obtained from the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform;
- Agree to the list of approved research uses within the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform along with his/her name and organizational affiliation;
- Provide IRB numbers and expiration dates;
- Agree to report, in real time, violations of the cdRNS/NINR Data Sharing Policy to the NINR Program staff and cdRNS NINR Operations team.
- Adhere to the cdRNS/NINR Data Sharing Policy below with regard to publication; and
- Provide annual progress reports on research using cdRNS/NINR data.
The NINR and the NIH are implementing a two-tiered data control procedure for information submitted to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform to ensure that the information submitted has undergone reviews for accuracy, completeness, and availability. The first level of quality control is performed by the researcher who is expected to certify the accuracy of the information prior to submission. The second level of quality control occurs when data is submitted to the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform for broad research access. cdRNS/NINR will provide a period of three months to allow the Submitter and the agencies to undertake activities to review the completeness of the submission. Such efforts include verifying that the information received by cdRNS/NINR is complete (i.e., not missing records intended for submission), contains no identifying information, displays correctly, and that the cdRNS/NINR Toolset functions as expected with the information. Should the university or institution determine that additional time is necessary to ensure the quality of the submitted information (e.g., time necessary to remedy concerns), the agencies may opt to extend the quality control period as necessary in the interest of science. After quality control measures are satisfied, the submitted information will be certified as accurate by the submitting researcher.
The NINR and the NIH strongly encourage collaboration, but at a minimum all investigators who access cdRNS/NINR data are expected to acknowledge the funding organization(s) that supported their work, the Contributing Investigator(s) who conducted the original study, and the cdRNS/NINR Data Science Platform in all resulting presentations, disclosures, or publications of the analyses.
Acknowledgments. In any and all oral and written presentations, disclosures and publications based upon dataset(s) submitted to cdRNS, Submitter agrees to cite cdRNS, the relevant cdRNS dataset identifier (a serial number), and the Submitters’ federal research funding sources in each publication to which such datasets contribute (for abstracts, as space allows). The publication should include the following acknowledgement:
Data used in the preparation of this article reside in the National Institute for Nursing Research (NINR) and National Institutes of Health (NIH)-supported Common Data Repository for Nursing Science (cdRNS) in [dataset identifier]. This manuscript reflects the views of the authors and does not reflect the opinions or views of the NINR or the NIH.
In any and all oral and written presentations, disclosures, and publications resulting from substantive analyses of data using cdRNS tools, Submitter agrees to acknowledge the contribution of the cdRNS bioinformatics platform. The manuscript should include the following acknowledgement or similar other language:
Data and/or research tools used in the preparation of this manuscript were obtained and analyzed from the controlled access datasets distributed from the NINR cdRNS collaborative data science platform.
Dataset identifier (DOI): [provide]. This manuscript reflects the views of the authors and does not reflect the opinions or views of the NINR or NIH.
If the Research Project involves collaboration with Submitters or cdRNS staff, then Recipient will
acknowledge Submitters as co-authors, if appropriate, on any publication. In addition, Recipients agree to include a reference to cdRNS system datasets analyzed and to cite cdRNS and the federal
funding sources in abstracts as space allows.
Specific questions about this policy should be directed to: Office of cdRNS/NINR Operations
National Institutes of Health, Center for Information Technology (CIT) Building 12A
12 South Dr. RM 2041
Bethesda, MD 20892